German Methods


Statistical Reporting

BIOS 273

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Mr. O. Hoeffding/EWD (US)

Mr. J. Selwyn FO/GED

Major A.J. Stella FO/GED

Dr. C.H. Noton FO/GED


BIOS Target Numbers

28/5.01, C28/5.01/1

Part II

                (a)    Drawing up of Raw Material Balances

                (b)    Procedure applied to an order to MB  (Maschinelles Berichtewesen)

                Caspar Schroeder (Schröder, AOB)

                Hans Gert E. Toenjes

                Dr. Hermann Strebel

                Dr. Paul Bramstedt

        Note:    A further report written by Dr. Lauersen, explaining in greater detail the functions of MB, is to be issued later as a supplement to the symposium

Notes on Reports

  1. Fourth session of a series of interrogations carried out for the exploitation of Reichsminister Speer. This was done on May 1945, by Mr. O. Hoeffding of EWD (US)

  2. Report based on an examination of the subject on August 4-5th 1945, by Mr. John Selwyn of Foreign Office, German Economic Department

  3. Special Report made by the Mobile Field Interrogation Unit on April 25th 1945, in reply to a SHAEF Brief

  4. Report written for Major Stella of Foreign Office, German Economic Department, at Hamburg on August 31st 1945

  5. Second report for Foreign Office written between 14th and 21st August 1945

  6. Report written for Major Stella, at the same time as above

  7. Interrogation carried out by G-2, Economic Section, SHAEF, on May 4th 1945

  8. Reports written at the request of the Foreign Office, in October 1945

  9. Answers to questionaire submitted by Foreign Office, German Economic Department, in September 1945


Given below are a few details on some of the personalities whose reports are included in this collection:

                1938    Transferred to Gruppe Statistik of OKW, which in 1940 became Gruppe Zentralstatistik, and in 1943 Abteilung IV of MB Zentralstelle


  1. Interrogation of Albert Speer, former Reichsminister of Armament and war production.    Part 4th Session - 15:00 to 17:30 hrs - 29th May 1945        Speer entrusted Staatsrat Schmeer with carrying out a drastic simplification of this system ... Hollerith methods ...The Maschinelles Berichtewesen, under Col. Passow provided the nucleus .. From mid-1944 it became more and more difficult to obtain up-to-date- Reich figures, as some of the raided Gaue would be late with their returns ... Simplified reports (Eilmeldungen) based on ... Saur (HDL, AOB) whose personal referent Friese would spend .. Production figures coming from industry were also checked against Heereswaffenamt acceptance statistics supplied by Col. Juestrow ... Sollzahlen .. Programmzahlen ..Führerforderungen .. they were very high and far in excess of actual output and capabilities .. Hitler refused to cut them down officially. In connection with the figures in those reports for Japanese war production in 1943, Speer was questioned on the state of knowledge on Japan in Germany. He said that the Japanese were extremely incommunicative .... Speer knew that samples of new equipment had been gone to Japan by U-boat but knew little about the details of this traffic. Jet plane designs had been communicated and possibly samples despatched. ...Milch ... blockade runners in 1942/43 ... Japanese requirements were registered with the Abteilung Ausland of the Wirtschaftsministerium .... Backe was invited to these meetings .. Speer knew that a lot of periodical reporting was done by the Rüstungsinspektion to the Rüstungsamt .. Wichtigtuerei ... Wagenführ of the Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung .. Non-ferrous metals were handled very skilfully by Müller-Zimmermann, Reichsbeauftragter for metals .. the Rechenschaftsbericht 1944 which he had prepared in early 1945 when he realised that things were nearing the end ...

  2. This report is based on an examination of Dr. Rolf Wagenführ carried out at Bad Nauheim on 4th and 5th August 1945    Subject: An Appraisal of the Official Statistics of the German War Economy .. Wagenführ is primarely an economist of considerable international repute rather than a statistician .. Dr. Wagenführ was head of the Statistical Section of the Planning Department in the Speer Ministry, from 1943 onwards. Previously he was deputy Director of the Reichsinstitut für Konjunkturforschung in Berlin, where he still continues to work .. It is important to beer in mind that, with rare exceptions, Wagenführ did not handle raw materials. Further, the use to which his figures were put by Kehrl (Hans Kehrl a very interesting person. Please notice his book: Krisenmanager im Dritten Reich, AOB) ... Wirtschaftsgruppen .. Industriebericht ... Beschäftigtenmeldung .. Maschinelles Berichtewesen .. Planungsamt .. Dahm's statistics covered .... total (German) war production 1944    50,000,000,000 RM ... Dr. Grottian .. The calculations of operational stocks of weapons published by the Planungsamt were completely misleading .. Raw material planning .. production pipe-line .. Durchlaufzeit .. Schlieker in Berlin and Schäfer in Hamburg .. Amtsgruppe Eisen u. Stahl which controlled the Reich Iron Ferderation .. Rüstungslieferungsamt ... The firm "top-control", maintained throughout, is a reflection of Kehrl's dictum that the basis of planning and control was the iron and steel allocation .. Kehrl's evidence, as man in charge, is probably more reliable ... He agrees that the planning department was concerned with cutting down allocations and seeing that there had been cross over-allocations in the past - an investigation in 1944 showed that industry held a years output of steel in stocks, or in the pipeline ... The most outstanding example of coordination within a department (Amtsgrupe Chemie) was powder and explosives. 4) ... Occupied Teritories Raw Materials .. Planungsstatistik .. Auftragsverlagerung .. Exports to occupied territory ... S-Betriebe ... Dr. Lauersen ... Finished Armaments There was a complete statistical blackout regarding both the amounts of finished armaments produced in occupied territories and raw material used in their production ... Arbeitseinsatz ... Kräftebilanz .. Beschäftigtenmeldung .. Planning of labour Allocations .. Rot-Zettel .. The main interest in Consumer Goods Industries lay in the replacement of skilled labour by unskilled ... Sauckel .. Man-Hours Statistics .. Kriegsauflagenprogramm in 1943 .. Dr. Grünig ... Rüstungsindex ..

  3. Hollerith record Maschines in Germany        Maschinelles Berichtewesen of the Speer Ministry

Use of Hollerith Machines in the Wehrmacht

Use of Hollerith Machines in the Occupation ...


Use of Hollerith Machines in the Wehrmacht

A directive of Feldmarschall von Keitel issued in the summer of 1942 provided that the MB was to draw up plans and make suggestions for the use of H-machines in the Wehrmacht ...

Despite the directive the project encountered considerable oppositio. High-ranking military officials, indisposed toward having their military records marred by "new-fangled" ideas, discoraged the idea  ....

A report by US gen. Brehon Somervell on the role of IBM machines in the American Army caused considerable excitement in the Wehrmacht administrative circles. Passow favored mobile H-Machine units similar to those which the American Army had found efficient ..

Feldzeuginspektion (Fz In) .... German QM (Quartiermeister, AOB) general on a machine-records was started in March 1942. It was still in operation in April 1945.

Under the new system stock reports of all Heereszeugämter were reported monthly by this items ..

As of March 1945 the machine records of the Feldzeuginspektionen were still located in Berlin-Düppel, as were the H-machines used by Fz.In. ... D-11 ...  

A card was made out for every German soldier who was in military hospital. The soldier's medical history was entered on the card. Each ailment had a keyed number .... The Hollerith key covered several hundred ailments ..

Statistics on Military Vehicles (Chef WKW) ... The project was discontinued in January 1945 ..

Statistical survey of Officer Candidates .. An MB staff maintained these records right in the Inspektion HQ (Hauptquartier, AOB) ... Potsdam-Bornstedt ...

Regierungsrat Masuhr ...

Bull tabulators

Index of personalities

  1. Passow    Obstlt.    Head of Maschinelles Berichtewesen

  2. Michel    Georg

  3. Barrenstein    Reichsstellenleiter Abt. I MB ... Brother-in-law of Statsrat Schmeer ..

  4. Hörber (Hoerber)    Regierungsrat, Abt. II, MB...

  5. Springer    Dr. jur. Obstlt.     Head of Abt. III ... Not H-expert

  6. Lauersen    Dr. Regierungsrat Abt. IV MB ..

  7. Grotius    Dr. Lauersen's assistent ..

  8. Huebner (Hübner, AOB)    Obstlt. Abt. V MB ..

  9. Luedtke (Lüdtke, AOB)    Hptm. Abt. VI MB ..

  10. Herbst    Werner    Regierungsrat Head of Dept. VII MB ..

  11. Thiel    Herbert. (PW A) MB employee

  12. Schabacker    Gerhard    Lt. Head of H-Dept. Fz In ..

  13. Mueller (Müller, AOB)    Genartz Dr. Prof. Head of ZAW not H-expert kind old man ..

  14. Klatte    Lt. H-section ZAW ..

  15. Hosemann    Stabsartz Dr. Excellent surgeon and teacher University Berlin Developed H-key for ZAW

  16. Masuhr (Masur??, AOB)    Regierungsrat    Mathematician and statician ..

  17. Henning    Stabsintendant    Head of Wehrkreisgebürnisstelle III .. Good finance officer but not H-expert ..

  18. Bartels    Dr. Stubaf. (SS Sturmbahnführer, AOB) Head of SS Machine records Very clever age appr. 45

  19. Busch    SS Sonderf Z (Sonderführer, AOB)    H-expert Formerly H-dealer since 1932 ..

  20. Heiber    Hstuf (Hauptsturmführer, AOB) Head of SS finance office in Dachau Typical SS bad man. Man of low intelligence

  21. Blaettel (Blättel, AOB)    Herbert?    Head of H-section at SS finace office in Dachau Competent H-expert Formerly H-dealer .. severely wounded in Russia. Luke-warm Nazi born in 1913 home town Frankfurt ..

  22. Asmis    H-dealer in München     drew up contract for leasing of H-machines ..

  23. Puetz (Pütz, AOB)    Head of H-section at Algemeine Ortskrankenkasse Köln (Koeln) Dismissed from H-section by Nazis but rehired in 1937 ..

  24. Quantius    H-expert for Stadtwerke Köln (Koeln) Not party member

  25. Goeb    Formerly of H-section of Vorwerk, Wuppertal. Later Westdeutsche Waggon Fabrik AG. Koeln (Köln). Joined MB in Wendisch-Rietz in Nov. 44. Anti-Nazi Born 1905

  26. Schenk    Formerly H-section Vorwerk Wuppertal .. later ..

  27. Grisse    H-section Wildrich KG. Siegen Competent H-expert ..

  28. Kaiser    H-section Hüttenwerk Siegerland, Siegen Formerly with Vereinigte Stahlwerke (VDW) Düsseldorf Non Naz   

  29. Mauterner    Alex H-expert. Valentin Mehler AG. Fulda Non Nazi age appr. 34

  30. Kremer    MB employee. In punching department of Reichsbankdirektion Köln Party member but luke-warm Nazi. Lives in Berlin and Wendisch-Rietz

  31. Peppel    Anton. Referent in planning department ... Born in 1906 ..

Use of H-machines in the Occupation

Trained personnel was unofficially protected from draft through the efforts of Hollerith and the Speer Ministry


Letter from Regierungsrat Dr. Lauersen to Capt. A.J. Stella ("T" Force) dated 31.8.1945

.... After the separation of the Wehrwirtschafts- und Rüstungsamtes (later designation of the Wehrwirtschaftsstab) ... Dipl. Kaufmann Bickert und Dr. Gierth ..

MB-Bezirkstelle VIII: Breslau Chief Reg. Baurat Schneider

MB-Bezirkstelle XX: Zoppot Chief Major Dr. Matthieu ...

MB-Bezirkstelle Posen Chief Major Dr. Ludwig .

By order of Reichsminister Speer all departments of the Reichsministerium Speer carried out a vigorous reduction of personnel in the first half of April 1945 ..

... he left Maerkisch-Rietz for Neudietendorf/Thueringia (Thüringen, AOB) beginning of April 1945

Advanced preparations had been made for the transfer of the Wehrmacht's mechanised pay-accountacy to the MB, ...

At the beginning of 1944, the MB developed a modern method of registration of persons (Menschenerfassung) and experiments with this method were conducted. ...(Personal-Einzel-Erfassung) ..

Towards the end of 1944 the method of individual registration was applied experimentally for the evaluation of an investigation, made by the Rüstungsamt, on toolmakers and jig-makers, employed in armament factories ..

Monthly return of Employees ...

"Section C" covered about 65 - 70,000 firms ..

The monthly results for section A and B were forwarded ... The results for "Section C" were usually available 4-5 weeks after the month under report ..

During the last month of the war it became increasingly difficult to obtain the returns punctually as numerous firms could not return their questionaires ..

Up to the end of 1944, the Industrial Reports (Industrie-Berichterstattung) were transmitted together with ...The person in charge of the Industrial Report System in the Reichsgruppe Industrie was Diplom-Kaufmann Bickert, chief of the statistical department ..

The Assessment of the "Labour Balance" ("Kräftebilanz") which, on the orders of OKW ... Reichsminister Speer ...In January and February 1945 detailed discussions were held with all the authorities concerned ..

.... The persons responsible for the statistics of weapons, equipment and munition in Dept. IV B were the permanent deputy of the undersigned:

By the end of 1944, the MB received instructions from the Reichsministerium Speer to carry out a comprehensive stock-taking covering the clothing, weapons and equipment in the stores of the Wehrmacht, Reichs Labour Service, German Red Cross and other ...

In the conclusions, it may be stated, within the limits of this report, it has been possible to outline the various activities of the MB only roughly. Further details could be provided by separate reports on the various functions ...

  1. Maschinelles Berichtewesen; Interrogation of Dr. Lauersen by Major Stelle (Stella?, AOB)

  2. Drawing up of Raw Materials - Balances

The authorities foremost interested in questions of raw material provision were:


Former Amt für Roh- und Werkstoffe

Beautragte für den Vierjahresplan\The Wehrmacht

The various Rohstoff-Bewirtschaftungsstellen

In the general discussions of these departments on questions of raw material supply it soon emerged that the various departments arrived in many istances at diverging figures ....

... The demands of the Wehrmacht branches were generally regarded as being excessive, and on many occasions it was necessary to modify the demands in longthly discussions, before the negotiations of the Wehrwirtschaftstab with the Wirtschaftsminiserium took place

It was always necessary to reduce the demand of the branches of the Wehrmacht, since the requirements ...

  1. Interrogation of Oberstleutnant Dr. Schultz by Major Stella, at Hamburg, 15.9.45

  2. Re: Connections between M.B. (MB, AOB) and FWi Amt (Feld-Wirtschaftsamt)

During the winter of 1942/43 MB was still entirely occupied with adapting itself to the new subordinate psosition ...

The FWiAmt (WWiStab) included the Zentralstatistik ..

.. The main task of liaison officer MB consisted of reporting to the FWiAmt ..




The numbers of Bedarfsgruppen



Activities after 17.4.1945

Intake Feldzeug-Inspektion

Stocks Feldzeug-Inspektion and Nachschubämter ..

Consumption at the front ..

Total Stock


Survey of Stocks of the most important arms and implements (Schnellmeldung)

Index of the final armaments production ..

... so-calledFührer report (Führermeldung)

... Collaborators in the Labour Returns

Dr. Kurt Fieldler. Director of the special department Kriegswirtschaftlichekräftebilanz

  1. Curriculum vitae of Dr. Paul Brahmstedt born 22.1.1884 at Harrberg (Kreis Euting Schleswig-Holstein) 1894-1903 ...

MB working paln position on 1.2.1945


BIOS 273 integral report



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