The number of Intelligence or Espionage
related subjects, have reached a point
where we consider a combined: Search-page
does make sense
In my perception, the most relevant means is:
to copy the already existing links from our index page
adding background information
for which our Index page does not provide room.
Please use, when you operate a PC the function: Ctr + F
which will open a search window and you can enter where you are particularly looking for;
as I would like to rely mainly on the British National Archive file designations. Which are in our context mainly within the KV 2/xxxx series
The succession order will be the serial numbers.
Page intiated on: 26 August 2019
Current status: 9 March 2020
Newest contributions: 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10 + 11 + 12 + 13 + 14 + 15 + 16 + 17 + 18
Believe it or not, the following is reflecting my > 4 years of comprehensive commitment.
As to get an understanding of the various "Funklinien" or W/T links Please consider
German reconstructed Funklinien map
Please click at the map-drawing as to open it in pdf
Please click at the hyperlink as to open the regular document
HW 34-2 ***** HW 34-2 final Report, the ultimate R.S.S. Final Report on German Funkabwehr and Orpo Another, a bit chaotic, apparently not well understood chapter, is:- on the implementation of radio amateurs. The Nazi ruled state, maybe even before this era: radio amateurism was not greatly supported by the German Administrations. The numbers of HAM licences was about 475, and restrict to that number. Simply, one had to await until someone handed-in his Ham licence (for example one has passed away). Albeit, that in wartime days, the policy was lifted a bit, and the wartime (Kriegsfunk) licences could seemingly be obtained easier than was in the 1930s. Nevertheless, on the other hand, there existed a quite greater numbers of so-called 'DE' 'licences' - these were (listening) radio-amateurs, who were allowed to possess (and constructing) short-wave receivers and operating them privately (even throughout the war); who had to pass an exam controlled by the D.A.S.D. For it they were tested on basic knowledge, but in particular on their ability in handling CW (W/T) message traffic. It was just this source of well motivated, often young enthusiastic men, which was the 'pond' in which, in particular, the Abwehr derived their W/T related personnel from. When you want to know more about it, please look at our D.A.S.D related subject series on our index-page. They (The British within the Final RSS report) wondered about the frequent application of international HAM (Q- and other) codes, which seems to have been unlikely in British military W/T practice. My good friend Rudolf Staritz (97) (DL3CS) told me, that just the existence of these fellow 'radio-amateurs' around, made his life bearable throughout this bleak period in life; like ever, radio-amateurs are a special specimen, with a world-wide mutual understanding (call it friendship) or (HAM spirit), also in our days. (AOB, I am (PA 0 AOB), a HAM since June 1961!) What we should, however, never forget, is, the superb British R.S.S. services, which intercepted almost all Abwehr related communication, and likely also most other wireless traffic. This service, should be considered as 'War Decisive'; as by this means an unprecedented (overwhelming) knowledge of what happened in German ruled War-effort, existed! The 'HW' series show, among other NA series, to what extent they have penetrated into German wireless communications. These efforts would not have been possible without: name it "Bletchley Park" and "GC & HQ's" superb services! (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/11 ... whole series ***** Seeloewe 2 Personal files on: van den Kieboom I discovered a series of partricular personal files on those men who landed in the early morning of 3 September 1940, on the coast of South-West England
KV 2/12 Seeloewe 2 Personal file on Meier Carl Heinrich
KV 2/13 Seeloewe 2 Personal file on Sjoerd Pons, the only one of these four men who survived
KV 2/19 & KV 2/14-1 ******** What puzzles me, is: were Vera and Dierks once legally married? The application of an alias, was widely maintained. She noticed Rantzau, whose real name was Major Nikolaus Ritter, but apparently quite many did not know this. In Obstlt. Hansen’s 1943 pocket diary, we find also cover-names for people whom were having contact with him (Obst. Otto Wagner K.O. Leiter Sofia, actually operated under the alias of: Dr. Delius; this latter name Hansen used in his diary). Albeit, being the Chief of the entire Abwehr section ‘I’, in Berlin, he was apparently not aware of someone’s real name; or was this the way systems maintained? Another unclear point: -Vera was a woman, and if not on the payroll of the Abwehr - I suppose, when this bears truth, how was it then possible that a female (woman) being ordered, by a military person, to proceed on an espionage trip to England? Though unexpectedly, data on Dierks flew into this very document from M.I.6 sources. Throwing a rather new ‘light’ at the already confusing file series. I hardly think that elsewhere in the world we will be confronted with background information on the three actors: Vera, Dierks, Drueke (or however his name had been spelled) and Wälti. Nothing is as had been given in the foregoing KV 2/.. chapters. The reason, is, because not all sources in England were operating in concert. Part V (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 15 January 2020)
This document deals mainly
with interrogations held just after the three Germans had been caught, on 30
September 1940. This time it deals with Vera… mainly.
It actually is not a genuine document as usually, though these kinds of files would start with so-called “Minutes”, which apparently is not the case here. Therefore, I would suggest it seemingly is a collection (selection) of mainly interrogations.
For this reason, I have skipped the actual Q (question) and A (answers) as it contains so much lies and according rubbish, that we have to accept that we gain very little true information.
Like usually, these sorts of document are running reverse in time. Thus it starts with the most recent situation and succeeding one goes increasingly back in time.
Only in case of the “Minutes” - these are running in a correct time sequence.
Vera, whatever fake names being used, is lying to a great extent. However, I nevertheless, do not consider all is rubbish; and that here-and-there a true situation being painted. Part VI (Since, 23 January 2020)
This chapter VII, reveals quite much new visions. Which was the
result of a rather unique experiment; where Vera was moved from the Holloway
Prison in London, to a residence in Gloucestershire, of U.35, in casu, Jonah
Ustinov (alias Klop) I suppose. The reason, was - that Vera Erikson might
speak more freely when she is approached in a friendly manner. For it her
Detention Order had to be suspended temporarily, by the Home Office. She was
now cured outside her prison-cell, was brought to a hairdresser and got the
necessary new clothing and related utilities.
What annoyed me just recently, is, that since a few days the “Dierks’ family website” has been disconnected from the web, and can no longer be approached as a fruitful reference website. Sad, of course, but luckily - when I discovered its existence some weeks ago, I did copy quite much of the text and added in onto my extensive reference database. Though, I had not reproduced the according photos; alas.
Who caused this? Might a family member have become aware of our commitments? Or, what I encountered, that I could not trace of whom was in charge of this website, or an unknown entity was able to contact it, with this result. Who knows, what really caused this nuisance? In my perception, this section throws new light at matters, which not all have to be true, but at least generate a momentum of consideration. Like, for instance, Vera, by then “Frau von Wedel”, visited the hospital (Reservelazarett V Hamburg Wandsbeck) in which her husband (Dierks) just had passed away. Her impression was – that it looks like that her husband had been shot in his head. As the circumstances were most fuzzy, at least one should not instantly deny such implication. (trilling: an unknown woman was among the three passengers in the car)(Hence, Dierks, Drueke and this woman) In some respect, Vera’s statements conflicts now and then with foregoing explanations, which might indicate that in both cases she did not tell the whole truth, or, her mind became fed-up with the many details. Though, considering her mood, and that she just - before taken from the Holloway Prison, was informed that her “great love” Drueke had been hanged in August 1941; which she apparently wasn’t informed of, yet. Like usually in these series, my (section) selections are my choices; my additional comments and information, being clearly recognisable in: blue, red and sometimes in green colours. This new document is meant for study purpose only, therefore, do not multiply it, as some still obeys to Crown Copyright.
PS: Drueke’s name bothers me much, whatever might have been correct, I choose his written spelling as was used in one of his last letters - addressed onto his Solicitor Mr Figg early August 1941. I suppose, this being the most likely one; as it was also addressed, for a purpose after the war, to a family member: Herrn Amtsgerichtsrat Drueke, in Neukirchen über Treysa. I suppose, that at his final stage of his life - he might have signed his name correctly. Part_VII (Since, 23 January 2020)
KV 2/15-3 + KV 2/16 ********** This chapter is quite different, in regard to the foregoing subjects dealt with. We are towards the end - entering the episode in which it became foreseeable that the war was approaching its conclusion; or even had recently ended. Vera had had the opportunity of a kind of Holiday (February ’42), which was spent in the house of the family Ustinov (U.35), in Gloucestershire. British Intelligence, of course, does not provide prisoners Holidays, but for this occasion it was exploited as an experiment, in a friendly, quasi neutral, environment; and meant for un-stressed interrogations/interviews. It was managed in a way, that it all looked coincidental, which it wasn’t really. Amusing, in my perception, were the practical considerations taken, and actions planned, for the case of a German invasion; in respect to Vera. We will also find some matters about after the war, where we encounter an interview with Hilmar Dierks’ brother Gerhard. Also, an interview with a Siemens employee in Copenhagen, who was engaged in placing a hidden microphone, in a flat in Copenhagen, where we encounter Vera’s and Dierks’ name (von Wedel).
Also, the latter matter is unexpectedly informative to us; I suppose. I also managed towards the end of this file, to link some document copies onto their actual file Minutes; which regularly are to be find at the entrance of such file series. Towards the end, we also find proves maintained before this document became publicly accessible. Sometimes, cutting quite un-elaborately names out of the paper-sheets. But after having myself worked through these many files, we, nevertheless, know who actually were concerned. Another point of curiosity: is the lady (Tini) who owned, or headed, the boarding-house in The Hague (de Riemerstraat 24); she is fascinating me quite much. You might remember, that we possess a telephone directory of July 1937, covering the whole of the Netherlands. I take up the huge task - of going carefully through all names of people possessing telephone in The Hague. But, The Hague already, in 1937, provided six-digit phone-numbers; and you can imagine what an endeavour this is. It might even not be finished with my telephone-number search, before this Part VIII chapter will be added onto the website. Part VIII (Since, 29 January 2020)
KV 2/24 - KV 2/27 ********** The Jakobs/Jacobs files are of increasing interest, in my perception, of course. Time and again, my impression, not not-understandable, but the Civil Crown Servants of M.I.5 felt themselves far above the stupid Jury members of the Civil Courts, when they commenced their duties in respect giving their opinion over the relevance of the case put forward onto them. This, is: intolerable, in my perception. And is, as I have found quite often, an endemic misbehaviour by them. Human? Maybe, revenge, is more likely; which sometimes is contrary the truth. I have extra dedicated time - for transcribing Josef Jacobs/Jakobs statements, in my understand, given quite shortly after he had been captured. They weren’t yet convinced. Though, after a German message had been received - via the: SNOW Double-Cross, wireless line; they knew that Jakobs/Jacobs did speak the truth; though they decided to hide their knowledge for others (please notice Part I page 15). This latter aspect I can well understand, because the entire truth about the decisive Double-Cross system might have been at stake. But, this also included the drama which time-and-again is enfolding. However, sometimes those sustaining, for whatever reason, were ultimately handled less harsh; such as SNOW and, for example, Vera. This will not say, that those dealt with in critical days of the war, lacked fair judgement; where revenge was - that bothered. This is the real drama of this, sad, human episode. KV-2-24-27
KV 2/85 - KV 2/88 ********** The reason that I have re-approached the Ritter files again, is a spin-off of the Drueke-Vera-Waelti cases. Because Major (later he became Obstlt.) Ritter was the key-person who was responsible for nearly all agent brought to England during the course of Operation "Lena". This dramatic endeavour had the objective to locate agents in England, whom had to transmit tactical information necessary, for Operation Seelöwe (Seeloewe) The invasion of England following the BEF disaster, in France. However, Hitler never really intended to do so, in my perception, for two reasons: He considered Britain to reach an understanding with Germany and He possessed already plans for invading Russia, his "great obsession"! I have first prepared a selection out of the file series, with the aim: to provide an understanding of Ritter's being in respect to our foregoing Drueke - Vera Waelti's dramatic subject. What is astonishing me, is the extent Hilmar Dierks' being referred onto. Also that Ritter consequently refers to Dieks' military rank of Hptm.; albeit that the evidence we possess is providing that he became Oblt. in June 1940. This also is curious. Because Dierks was already engaged within German espionage in Holland in the 1920s. Considering this, then would be a Hptm. a logical ranking. I found nowhere evidence, that for what ever reason, Dierks might have suffered a "lowering in rank" during his career. "Maybe not in most peoples mind - is Arthur Owens, he later had been turned by M.I.5 and got his Double-Cross name SNOW. It was Dierks (I M) Ast Hamburg (Ast-X) who had the guiding of Arthur Owens, who himself approached the Germans about mid 1930s. Only due to M.I.5's quite un-professional arrangement, in respect to SNOW's meeting with Ritter in Lisbon (end of February 1941) Ritter raised the professional query: are you guided? Which Owens/Snow acknowledged. Why did Ritter raise this query? M.I.5's eager to arrange a meeting with Ritter in Lisbon (end of February 1941), they neglected precautions; fore they too easily obtained an air ticket, which regularly was difficult to obtain. Reading Vera's papers we get an overall impression that Ritter was the Demon himself. Ritter-Rantzau (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 19 February 2020)
KV 2/94 ...KV 2/99 ***** Schellenberg Survey, British interrogations of '45 It has to be noticed, that currently we have to deal with the conversion of the German military Abwehr into the S.S. controlled Amt VI into Mil. Amt. The triggering event was the defection of the 'Vermehren couple' to the British, in Istanbul, on 7-8 February 1944. Hitler responded (on 12 February) furiously and ordered:- that from-now-on the Abwehr should become headed by the R.S.H.A. Admiral Canaris was instantly dismissed, and a merging period being initiated. The big blow was the failed assassination attempt on Hitler, on 20 July 1944. Because the Abwehr was heavily involved in this plot against Hitler, its leadership was liquidated, amongst very many others. Now considering my current ethic dilemma: We encounter quite trustworthy statements. Though, some men have been, in a period of their lives, more or less, engaged in atrocities; or at least being responsible for it. For whatever reasons, they (often) became involved in so-called “Einsatz-Gruppen” in Russia. Their doings have been well documented. Though, my problem:- they constitute, quite often, the only reliable source of eyewitnesses information; in the fields we are currently dealing with. Astonishing, quite many of these men were in the possession of an University Degree and often received a PhD as well; we have to bear this always in mind. Which, by the way, being much easier - than to step-down at crucial moments in life; of which’s implications they might not have been aware of, when it actually occurred. Albeit, that the sphere in which it all happened - should have triggered deep moral considerations. Ignorance? Are they the only ones to be blamed? On the other hand, there were also (some) personalities concerned in this bleak environment, whom, for what ever circumstance, weren’t directly involved in crimes against humanity; for instance:- Schellenberg and Wirsing; but they bore, nevertheless, some responsibility. Therefore: our engagement - in unrevealing dark aspects of history - does still make sense. In my perception: the value of this new contribution is the very fact that what is dealt with, can hardly be found elsewhere. Because my sources are based on the genuine British interrogation reports of mid 1945, thus recorded only a couple months after the end of hostilities on 8/9 May 1945, in Europe. Secondly: it does make sense to get also diverse information on Amt VI/Mil Amt. As well as some inside vision the human person Dr. Walter Schellenberg. As to the fact that the British files of about mid 1945 accumulate to > 2,000 pages, it is necessary to divide it into series of partitions. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/103 ********** Herbert Christian Oscar (Oskar?) Otto Wichmann; During most of WW II he was the Ast-X Leiter in Hamburg. My re-approaching, however, is being triggered by our continuing endeavour around the Drueke-Vera-Waelti drama. Actually, being mainly interested in Vera’s alleged husband Dierks, alias von Wedel, or whatever names he might have used. Herbert Wichmann was actually in charge of Major Nikolaus Ritter; I therefore would like to approach this file, and searching for traces on them too. On the one hand, I have no idea what to expect, on the other hand, there is no other way than to continue by this means. It proved, however, astonishingly: that Dierks’ name appears quite often within the context of this document. KV 2/103 (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 24 February 2020)
KV 2/107 Part I and Part II ***** Seeloewe 2 On Waldberg Jose Rudolf (personnal) (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 16 September 2019)
KV 2/140 ***** Wirsing Giselher alias "Egmont" my reflections on Wirsing: An exception in the regular KV 2/xxx series. He operated in the Nazi environment, but later on he created his own more critical point of views. What is intriguing me, is, the fact that he acted within the highest circles of the Third Reich. Since September 1944, with Schellenberg’s backing, he created his “Egmont letters” (Egmont Briefe) ("Egmont" originated from Wolfgang Goethe). ( Schellenberg supplied him with “Foreign Intelligence Information” on a weekly basis. As to make tracing back the origins - he worked from his Berlin home-address; and got envelopes with all the Mil Amt (R.S.H.A. Amt VI) has got knowledge of; especially brought by a trusted courier. The aim of the “letters” was to inform the upper circles of the Third Reich of the state of affair outside Germany. The way it had been worded was “soft but smart”, without too much offending. With some exceptions: Goering and Ribbentrop (not mentioned - but surely also Goebbels) were not on the list of addressees. He painted the real state of World Affairs far more realistic than did Goebbels’ propaganda machine; on the other hand, Himmler received a copy, as did Kaltenbrunner even Keitel informed Hitler occasionally. The situation becomes at the end of April 1945 “lunatic”. I am certain: - that no one of the readers have ever heard of this story. As to emphasise his role, who would ever encounter such most curious events? Please read it yourself. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/144 ... KV 2/157 ( 2541 pages!) + KV 2/196 ...KV 2/201 + KV 1495 ... 1499 ********** KLATT-OSTRO-JOSEPHINE lecture lasting 2:47 in mp4 video For the Dutch SRS the subject might, for some, have been a bit too much historical; as members generally are focussing their attention upon surplus-radio rigs. What some do not notice, is - that fiddling around with wartime radio gear - communications during their favoured era - where mostly intercepted by the enemy interception branches. Every body, at least in Holland, is aware of the great work done at Bletchley Park in deciphering their enemies Top Secret Codes. In many respect, we should be aware, that this latter fact - was the greatest contribution - in shortening the duration of World War II! The implications of deciphering German secret communications - is just what my KLATT-OSTRO-JOSEPHINE lecture is about. Maybe hampering, is, that one necessitate a slightly different perception. Maybe, is reading text also hampering, because reading generally is out of fashion nowadays. But, for those intrigued by the concerned spying networks - and their implications - this contribution is a wonderful opportunity to become engaged in this comprehensive Survey. My presentations do last regularly, say, 1:40 minutes; whereas this lecture takes just over 2:47. Too long? It is to say, that between the three chapters I have implemented black slides; a comfortable moment for taking a break. It is a real miracle that 2 hours 47 minutes video film (including voice) takes only about 326 MB data! My advice download it first, then instead of starting up your video player mode; thus safe it first. This allows you in a comfortable manner to interrupt the lecture, at will. As to enhance the lecture message, I am speaking, during this occasion, quite slowly. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/242 ***** Josef Fullep , Fuellop , Fülöp ... makes sense in regard to the Karl Heinz Kraemer (Krämer) case, the Luft Attaché in Stockholm between Autumn 1942 up to about 19 April 1945 The intriguing clue was: that Kraemer claimed that he obtained most delicate information via the Hungarian Secret Service Organisation. Where almost all information was gathered via the Iberian Peninsula, brought by a courier, within a diplomatic bag, using the regular airline system between Spain and Berlin (which operated even in March/April 1945), and via a diplomat in the Berlin Hungarian Legation named: Janos Horvath, so far without knowledge of the German Foreign Office (Auswertiges Amt or simply called AA), again per diplomatic mail to Stockholm. Up to somewhere in Spring 1944, the mail was formerly addressed to Kraemer's friend Grundböck; who distributed it onto the the Japanese Military Attaché Onodera and Kraemer. Kraemer absorbed what did make sense to him, and routed it: via the "Auswertiges Amt" further onto the Abwehr later - to Amt VI / Mil Amt; both in Berlin) A critical moment arose - about the time Grundböck passed away. Because, he lacked the necessary contacts himself, so essential for his acting in Scandinavia. Grundböck, was Hungarian, albeit, that be obtained the Swedish citizenship after his arrival in Sweden. Grundböck was born, of course, in the Donau-Monarchy era; though, had to choose between Austrian- or Hungarian-citizenship; he chose the latter. But Grundböck was a (business) man with widespread contacts, as he possessed very good contact to the Baltic States including Finland. Kraemer was a extremely well informed special agent, very intelligent and - surpassing most of his military ordinates; he - a graduated academic versus a military education (career). KV 2/242 (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 9 March 2020)
KV 2/266 - KV 2/159 ***** KV 2/266 - KV 2/159, Obst ↓ Rudolph & Count Ledebur's Cases We will start with the Friedrich Rudolph case. He once was the Alst Leiter of Abwehr (I) Stelle, in Paris between roughly - June 1940 and spring 1944. We will start with the Friedrich Rudolph case. He once was the Alst Leiter of Abwehr (I) Stelle, in Paris between roughly - June 1940 and spring 1944 The latter date is an estimation, as we will encounter different data from the various sources interrogated, just in 1945 - 1946. Supplemented as usual with my additional comments, always recognisable as: (AOB, my comment) Since 22 October '17, a new document belonging to the same complex has been attached onto our website: Pheiffer KV 2/267 But this latter document makes more sense - when you first have digested the below noticed files: on Rudoph and Graf Joseph Ledebur. The latter date is an estimation, as we will encounter different data from the various sources interrogated, just in 1945 - 1946. Supplemented as usual with my additional comments, always recognisable as: (AOB, my comment) Since 22 October'17 a new document belonging to the same complex has been attached onto our website: Pheiffer KV 2/267 But this latter document makes more sense - when you first have digested the below noticed files: on Rudoph and Graf Joseph Ledebur. KV 2/159 Graf Josef Ledebur - Wicheln (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/267 ***** KV 2/267on Dr, Erich Pheiffer's ↑ Case, most extensive file One of the most complete and interesting file series. Which is, originally, consisting of 307 (PDF) pages. What makes this file version so extensive, is, that my 126 pages version is a mixture of file sections combined with my transcripts. Exceptionally, are the extensive RSS radio intercepts, incorporating all communications where once Pheiffer, or his aliases, being W/T recorded in England. Pheiffer, started his military career at Nest Bremen. During the German invasion of Western Europe in May/June 1940, we can quite closely follow his whereabouts. He finally ended up as the last KONO Leiter in Turkey, replacing Hptm. Dr. Paul Leverkuehn, after the Vermehren disaster, in spring 1944. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/283 ***** KV 2/283, Vice Consul Dr. Hermann Goeritz in Tanger, RSS intercepts The main part of this document relies upon selected British RSS (Radio Security Service) intercepts RSS, to my knowledge, intercepted mainly German Intelligence communications; these intercepts had, of course, to be deciphered first. In my perception, one of the greatest, maybe even decisive, achievements of the Second World War. What is the purpose of this new contribution? The great many W/T messages, are passing on an understanding of their daily practises. For me it has become apparent, that direct Intelligence had been handled via different channels. These gathered RSS intercepts, had been once selected (in post war days) out of the "huge bulk" of existing intercepts, with the objective: covering just the particular intercepts which provides a connection onto the existence of "Dr. Herman Goeritz"; including his various cover-names. These messages (W/T telegrams) provides a good understanding of what happened during the course of the war. It was not violent, because the Abwehr did not carry weapons, but carefully digesting these messages, gives, at least in my perception, an understanding of the German K.O. organisation. The so-called: Kriegsorganisation was an Intelligence organisation particularly established in friendly, mostly neutral, countries, as, for instance, in Spain, Portugal, Switzerland and Sweden; but also elsewhere. However, our focus, this time, pointing at the Iberian Peninsula and their possessions in North Africa. Tanger (Tangier) and Tetuan, were places of interest for all belligerents. After having digested these pages seriously, you certainly will have got a better understanding of what played on the none glamorous front of boring intelligence. My additional comment will support your understanding, as it passes on side- and background information; which nowhere else can be found. This knowledge is increasingly accumulating due to my several years lasting commitments, since my first huge project. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
, KV 2/393 - KV 2/394 ********** KV 2/393 - KV 2/394 on von Hentig In my perception one of the most intriguing file series ever. Dr. Georg Werner Otto von Hentig, was a diplomat, albeit that the British Secret Services tried to consider him a military subject, but the only reason was, that by this degradation they were not hindered by the implications of diplomatic immunity. They did not play it, what one may consider a fair deal. It has, to repeat: it was not. Maybe emphasised by the fact that he proved always just to be smarter than (MI.I and others). His file story started already in China about 1910 and ends in 1947. The main story started with a German diplomatic endeavour of early 1915, where a relative small party left Berlin on a dramatic journey towards Afghanistan. Which the British, and Russians, would like to prevent at all costs. As to escape capture (during WW I and later WW II: the Russians and Britain occupied Persia), von Hentig’s group crossed the huge stretched of the Persian Salt-Sea. Please notice, all on foot or on the back of a horse or other animal. He managed to arrive in Kabul and had a very fruitful contact with the Emir and others. Even so good, that he was invited on behalf of the Afghan Government in the 1950s! He had to leave Afghanistan after a stay there for about 10 months. A way back was considered to be too risky, and therefore they continued via the Hindu-Kush – Pamir Mountain chain – Turkmenistan, into China; passing through the Gobi-dessert, always watched by British S.I.S. Even, religion-workers (missionaries) were approached to provide information on him. Via Nanking, where his friend-colleague Dr. von Roehr stayed together with their, Indian-Islamic servant (desperately wanted by the British). The Chinese, like most people on their huge track were anti-British orientated, likewise were the Chinese generally too. When, for instance, the British diplomats pressed upon the Chinese police to search Roehr’s and von Henting’s house, they (the local Chinese police) informed them in advance that they were coming, by telephone! However, it was decided that von Hentig should proceed on to the U.S. In Shanghai, as a blind passenger on board SS Ecuador; he jumper off the ship when it entered the harbour of Honolulu. Gave himself up, and went to the police. Brought to Angel Island near San Francisco. After a couple of days the German Consul turned up. Who was engaged in getting German diplomats out of the U.S. as since recently Germany and the US were at war since April 1, 1917. Now, a most funny British/French embarrassment is reflected within the papers: who (of us) has ever agreed to give a “free conduct” for von Hentig? This allowed him un-harassed onboard a Norwegian passenger ship to reach Bergen in Norway and from there Germany again. Most embarrassed they were, after von Hentig published his lovely booklet on his “around the World trip” “Meine Diplomatenfahrt ins verschlossene Land” (meant was Afghanistan) (Ullstein – Kriegsbücher, 1918). In the file we find even a briefed translation of it. In this file prepared after the war say about 1947, Joan Chanhalls of M.I.5. wrote down in a memo: that von Hentig should never in future obtain an important function again. M.I.5 was by this time already on the loosing side, but they weren’t aware of it! Not included in the file: von Hentig was the first German Ambassador of Germany, in Djakarta (Indonesia), in 1952! What in my perception reflecting their frustrations most: – we find a copy of Hentig’s 'around the world journey of 1915 – 1917', but now at the end of 1947! In my perception he should have gained a place in the Guinness Book of Records.
(Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/400 ... KV 2/402 ***** Operation Atlas, Kurt Wieland's KV 400-402 Palestine10'44 Operation Atlas; Kurt Wieland files KV 2/400 - KV 2/402 "Operation Atlas" was an RSHA Amt Mil operation Target: parachuting men over Palestine territories. They ultimately landed, after technical problems, on 5/6 October 1944 near to Jericho, in Palestine. The men dropped had strong links with the area and spoke the languages fluently, because they had been born- and grown-up there. Curious, but disturbing S.I.M.E. desires: they had been captured quite soon after their landing in a cave: but were wearing uniforms! Now limiting the possibility of a trial, as they were, by doing so: regular PoWs (appreciated being rather frustrating!) This file being, for us, a most fruitful document, because as a spin-off, for example, we found a reference on William Golepaugh whose existence was noticed by the finding of falsified, but entirely correct, and perfectly prepared documents. This was pointing at another, most sparkling story: The Gimpel and Colepaugh case, please notice KV 2/564 (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/410 ***** Kuebart Wilhelm Obstlt. KV 2/410 Ausland/Abwehr I Berlin. Obstlt. Wilhelm Kuebart is in my perception an interesting person, as he was young (born 1913) and reached a rather high function within the German Abwehr organisation. He entered in the foot-steps of Obstlt. i.G. Hansen, the Leiter of Abwehr I between February 1943 and March 1944; where Kuebart first took over Gruppe I H (I Heer). The implication of this latter function, was, that he was always more-or-less involved and in the "sphere" of Hansen. After the dismissal of Admiral Canaris on 12 February 1944, Hansen soon replaced Canaris and Kuebart became Head of Abwehr I (Intelligence) and was promoted Obstlt. according him: the youngest within the entire Wehrmacht. Nearer to what happened, we cannot come. Very impressive, being, that his nearness to Hansen, brought him in some respect also at short distance of the attempts to change Germany's Governmental anti Nazi course. Albeit, that he knew that someting might happen, though, details he knew about NOT! However, the Nazi's suspected also Kuebart, and he therefore landed on 22 July in a Gestapo jail. All this is well described in this document. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/564 ********** Gimpel-Colepaugh Case 2 Spies landing at Frenchman's Bay on 29/11'44! Erich Gimpel and William Colepaugh: An unique German Espionage attempt "A Party of two men", Erich Gimpel and William Colepaugh, landing in the night of 29 November 1944, on the shore of Frenchman's Bay, in the US State Maine, dropped there by the German submarine U 1230. Their aim was going to New York, which they actually have reached. This story does rely mainly on historical FBI interrogation reports. Quite some background has been passed on the Amt VI offices in Berlin and their training at Seehof (Sorghvliet - Zorgvlirt) in The Hague, in the Netherlands in spring 1944. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/757 ... KV 2/768 (including KV 2/2639 on Kraizizek) ********** KV 2/757-KV 2/768 Trompke Werz case, German espionage in South-Africa It is hardly known - that the Germans maintained a quite intriguing spying commitment in the South African Union. The nucleus of our South Africa story was the aversion against Britain, in someway or another caused by the not too long ago Two Boer Wars. There existed an animosity (resistance) against the South African Prime Minister Field Marshal Smuts. Albeit, that he acted in a cautious way; rather adequate considering the circumstances. The Afrikaner movement, was subversive against the S.A. Government, as well as opposing British stand in the Second World War. There existed a Resistance Organisation known as: Ossewa Brandwag. Don't forget, that the 'Afrikaner' originated most of 'The 17th Century Netherlands'; and their language actually was (is) frozen old Dutch. I would like to introduce first the story around Walter Kraizizek. He arrived in South Africa in 1935, his profession was a lithograph at a New Paper publisher. When the war started on 3rd September 1939, all Axis aliens were captured and put in internment camps. Kraizizek escaped several times; like seemingly did most others. A note in his interrogation report noticed: that when he escaped he looked out for names with an Afrikaner background, more likely guaranteeing that he approached someone who might be friendly to him. And this was mostly not in vain! His advantage, he knew the Country for some years, and had become more or less acquainted with the customs of the South African communities. In late spring 1943, he was sent to Portuguese East Africa, as to escape from South Africa, still aiming in escaping to Portuguese Angola. However, this did not mature, and he stayed in Lourenco Marques up to October 1944; when a group of 6 were expelled from Lourenco Marques. This was maintained under strong, long term, political pressure from British side; they eventually left for Portugal under a so-called "Free Conduct". With s.s. Quanza they headed for Lisbon. But it is most interesting to notice all the implications encountered by British S.I.S. (M.I.6 and M.I.5.). South Africa had already a Dominion status, but acted as an independent state. I have tried to reflect this in my subject selections. For example, British Services mistrusted the South African Police and their Leaders. As to gain their support, in some way or another, they were forced to lift some of Britain's most valuable asset: Most Secret Source (MSS) Implying Enigma decodes (Ultra) and other sources. But, when the s.s. Quanza would pass Capetown, there existed the possibility that the South African Police would insist on interrogating the Germans onboard the s.s. Guanza. This should be prevented at all cost; because there would exist a real chance (danger) that the interrogated persons could get the idea that their enemy knew about Most Secret German communications. Therefore, it was decided to skip Capetown and approaching it for interrogations, when the ship was searched near Gibraltar. One fact was clear: they were not entitled to use force, as the concerned 6 possessed "Free Conduct Guarantee on behalf of Britain as well as the US". Actually all being linked with exchanging against a number of Allied individuals kept in German hands. The intermediate was Switzerland, though, using a Swedish ship; country of the exchange was Portugal. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/961 .. KV 2/963, KV 2/967, KV 1332 ***** Nordpol affair & Englandspiel related file documents Respectively: Major Giesked; UIffz Huntemann and Joseph Schreieder the Kriminaldirektor. Englandspiel and Nordpol affair. The Nordpol affair, as well as the related Englandspiel, were probably the most successful counter espionage affairs on the German side. Its British counter-part was S.O.E. What makes it all so intriguing, is, the fact that it lasted for nearly two years! You will encounter a most dramatic story; very sad and a real drama, as > 50 persons had been involved and with a very few exceptions, they lost their lives ultimately. You will be confronted with genuine British document sections, which are being selected by my choice out of the bulk of paper materials available. Such endeavour is only fruitful, when we are in the position to take notice of the main 'entities' involved. We should confront ourselves with: Huntemann, Giskes' assistant and Schreieder the "Kriminaldirektor" of the Sipo (S.D.) who 'invented' the name Englandspiel and he actually was the executive of the German Police operations. Before hand: Britain gained utmost from wireless (W/T) intercepts, but just this aspect might have been the braking point; as in Holland, the Germans possessed an excellent telephone network and almost all crucial communications went through wires instead of wireless! This may be considered as the main reason why these events have been so disastrous! I choose first to digest Obstlt. Herman Joseph Giskes' file series KV 2/961 - 962 and 963. Not foreseeable, was the fact that it would cover too many pages at once. Considering, for example, a Dutch dissertation on Nordpol and Englandspiel (2003)(J.P.M.H. Wolters), its scope is rather narrow, albeit that when going into details it is done solid; but just outside it, it provides hardly anything! Therefore providing all the efforts, a quite meagre understanding of what happened in the Netherlands on the same time. Huntemann, although he was an Uffz. (N.C.O.) in the quite small organisation of III F, he did almost the daily operational work on behalf of its Leiter Major/Obstlt. Giskes. He therefore is an excellent source of information; because he really dealt with most people concerned. However, the latter contribution covers only the file sections 1 - 3. In my perception, the most intriguing section is number 4 (to be covered within Part II, as it considers the names of all those Huntemann could add what he knew about a person. Maybe for historians the most fruitful source of information. Joseph Schreieder In my perception, he should be considered as the most relevant person of the Nordpol Affairs and the Englandspiel, on the German side. Schreieder, Kriminaldirektor of the SD, and Hermann Joseph Giskes on behalf of the Abwehr III-F (military counter Intelligence). The Englandspiel and Nordpol affairs, was on the German side unprecedented successful, mainly due to their mutual way of understanding. In contrast to what often was practiced, Schreieder was against violence versus those being captured. In my perception, please remember: what have played a major role, in contrast elsewhere, was the existence in Holland of a wide, and good functioning, telephone system; preventing the application of wireless communications. Otherwise, the course of history concerning Nordpol affairs and Englandspiel would have had a short operational life, but it lasted from about 12 March 1942 until, at least, autumn 1943. We should not forget: that about 50 men have been murdered in the Mauthausen Concentration Camp! Without the implications of the Funkabwehr and its Police related counter-part the Orpo, we cannot imagine what organisation structures, once had been involved. Holland, and Paris including its vicinity, (neglecting some other implied areas) were mainly handled by the Orpo organisation; the latter stood for: Ordnungspolizei, thus an organisation, directed by the R.S.H.A. Rivalry, of course, existed, but what can be learned from the next report, combined with my foregoing file surveys, is, that, at least in my perception, this organisation was quite well capable handling their tasks as was expected. Albeit, that they operated in more restricted areas, and consequently, it was a smaller organisation. Compared with the Wehrmacht, the general personnel ranking of those concerned within the Orpo was of a higher level than that of most of the Wehrmacht Funkabwehr personnel. Maybe because they (Orpo) were professionals (civil servants); and their organisation was not directly depending upon conscripts. When we consider the names involved, in particular in regard to the 'Heer / GAF' Funkabwehr, we see that the same names repeatedly are turning up in various areas, what might imply that quite many were moved frequently all over the occupied European continent. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/1329 ***** German Counter-Intelligence (III-F) in Switzerland: von Pescatore, Piert This file concerns for a great deal the questions about the Communist spying network operating for Switzerland; wherein Alexander Rado and his magic German source place within the OKW or OKH in Berlin. Painful for the Germans, was, the fact: by what means came these informations within a few days from Berlin to Switzerland. This group was also known as Rote Drei, likely the Germans baptised this name. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/1452 ***** Seeloewe 2 ↑ failed Geman espionage attempts on England. Part I This is the ultimate file-series of the foregoing: KV 2/1699-KV 2/1700; KV 2/11; KV 2/12; KV 2/13, KV 2/107 It concerned four men; of which three were Dutch civilians, and one French/German (Waldberg); who were supposed to provide some intelligence in the pre-phase of the “Unternehmen Seeloewe”. However, they were convinced that the Germans would invade Britain successfully, in a fortnight. We all know: that “Seeloewe” was suspended, after the failed ‘Blitz’ against Britain. With the exception of Waldberg, they were poorly trained. The two parties - possessed only a transmitter but, not a receiver; though: food, cigarettes, etc. however: no means of drinking water or at least its purifiers. They had been caught - a few hours after their landings – near to the beaches of South-West England; by the way, mainly by coincident. It has to be noticed: that this occurred mainly by coincident. With the exception of Sjoerd Pons, who survived; the rest had been executed a few months later, in December 1940. (Part I published 14 October 2019)
KV 2/1452-2 ***** Seeloewe 2 ↑ failed Geman espionage attempts on England. Part IIa For some reasons, I have skipped parts of KV 2/1452-1, because, in my perception, we should mainly notice the way these trials had been commenced, on their (albeit, arbitrary) points. Part Part IIa Prosecution Supplementary File On Waldberg, Jose; Kieboom, van de; Meier Carl Heinrich; Pons Sjoerd; This Part IIa, has become far more extensive then usually; for the reason: that we have access to the complete shorthand notes of their trials in de Old Bailey’s Criminal Court. In particular, I would like to focus on: the Court sessions on: ‘Carl Heinrich Meier’. And next (Part IIb), I would like to skip ‘van den Kieboom’s’ section, though, will next focus particularly on Sjoerd Pons’s Court sessions; as he was the only one of the two groups, who escaped the death penalty! After the war he returned to Amsterdam again. (Part IIa published 28 October 2019)
KV 2/1452-2-3 ********** Seeloewe 2 ↑ Part IIb The most introduction essentials have been noticed at the introduction to Part IIa. ↑ This chapter named Part IIb, is dealing with Sjoerd Pons’ trial; held at the ‘Old Bailey’ in London, November 1940. So far both contributions Part IIa and IIb are rather extensive, because owing to the fact - that the integral tribunal sessions were recorded, and recovered from the steno transcripts; and, my personal dislike to cut integral sections unnecessarily. In this context: I have skipped Kieboom’s Counsellor (lawyer) plea, before the Jury. I consider - Sjoerd Pons’ case being more essential. And Kieboom and Pons formed a couple (party) thus, in quite many respect, what is dealt within Kieboom’s case equals that of Sjoerd Pons. In my rather comprehensive dealing with the huge number of files within the KV 2/xxx series, I have never encountered the integral reproduction of an complicated trial, before. Part IIb (Published 4 November 2019)
KV 2/1477 ... KV 2/1483 ********** Mayr Franz case, a German spying network in Persia This is, in my perception, one of the most intriguing file-series of the entire KV 2/xxx series! The Franz Mayr Case: culminating up to about 4000 file pages. Studying files and at the same time finding my way in getting information within my "grey cells", I, in most cases, transcribe the content of a copied file section; which often is consisting of bits-and-pieces. This summary was originally only meant for private application - therefore the selection of papers are only following the lines of my instant interest. Thinking why I am engaging myself - I have drawn the conclusion that my main interest concerns the personalities involved; and on the second place the context of the German Secret Services. This is, again, in my perception, one of the most intriguing file of the entire KV 2/xxx series! In the KLATT-OSTRO-JOSEPHINE cases, the German military Ausland/Abwehr was in charge; but in case of Mayr it mainly was a concern of the S.D. (SD). Don't think of concentration camps or so, but it clearly dealt with intelligence of so-called R.S.H.A. Amt VI; emphasising, in our case, on political matters (albeit, that when Mayr and his partner left Germany Amt VI wasn't yet existing). Just this latter aspect was what Mayr accomplished. He felt himself being like a "Lawrence of Arabia". Indeed, to some extent this was true. He engaged himself in forming a political nucleus, in respect to "Fifth Column" in Persian politics. In my perception he was a smart person and - given the circumstances within his context - he achieved quite much. After his arrest on 15th August 1943, between 125 - 150 Persians had been arrested as a consequence. Quite some new visions will be disclosed within the next document. My second consideration:- bleak to notice sadly, time-and-again, that a rather civilised Nation like Great Britain, is (was) lacking an established "check-and-balance". Civil-servants judging about "unlimited imprisonments", what might have been sanctioned within a service branch, but it was against international Treatments (Conventions). And they indeed were aware of it, for an occasion: but don't notice it in the reply to the Swiss Legation (Mayr case)(reply onto a query forwarded by the British Foreign Office towards M.I5.)! These annoying facts are really upsetting me, because it is the bleak-side of human behaviour. Britain does not possess a so-called: Fundamental legislation - where all basic human rights being accounted (Grundgesetz, Gundrechte); but a system based upon jurisdiction. For example, during the war the appalling case of My Erikson (Swedish citizen). That even Guy Liddell wasn't feeling well with it can be noticed on a occasion where he considered:- from my point of view - they may have My. (KV 2/535 - 539) The SD intelligence service had, in 1940, not the slightest ideas about foreign intelligence and the state of affairs abroad; in particular in the Middle East. Franz Mayr, together with Roman Gamotta, left Germany in October 1940, and arrived via Russia, on 8 November 1940, at Pavlevi in Persia. Without sufficient currency for long-time stay, lacking sound intelligence backgrounds; and more significant - without any means of communications between them and Berlin! Even British intelligence personnel were, now and then, rather impressed by what Franz Mayr had achieved between his arrival in October 1940 and his capture on 15 August 1943. Mayr's was ultimately caught - not because of his failure, but he was betrayed by a Persian put under British pressure. Some quite shocking aspect will be noticed - throwing a bleak light on some aspects. I have to admit, that I never could have imagined before that such aspect would cross my research! In one of the reports was noticed a text written text by Mayr - but in Persian language; albeit in roman writing. His great advantage: Germany did not belong to the occupants and never did so in the Middle East. I always thought that Lenin was the nucleus of: The enemies of my enemy are my friends; but it proved to originate from the Koran. Please bear the following historical constellation always in mind: in August 1941, the so-called Allied Forces occupied Iraq and Iran (Persian) territories (again); albeit not the land of the Gashgai tribes in the south, which was considered a hostile territory. But a good hiding ground for Germans. Schulze-Holthus stayed there until he was captured in spring 1944; by the way, the latter was headed by the regular Ausland/Abwehr. It has to be noticed, though, that both, SD and Abwehr, used the facilities of Gartenfeld's KG 200. However, the Allied occupation had been commenced with all the colonial-like down-sides. What to think of a comment in one of the papers, where someone approached the (Persian) Premier - who the British just had brought to Office. This is the true environment were the main part of our history is taking place. KV 2/1481: The next file, is , in my perception, a rather interesting document, because it concerns mainly Franz Mayr's (translated) diaries, once captured in November 1942, in Isfahan; albeit that Mayr himself wasn't caught yet. You will find my selection of notes, among it a quite intimate letter on behalf of Mayr's girlfriend (mistress) Lili Sanjari. Mr. Vazari, a Persian partner of Franz Mayr, who apparently adored Hitler (apparently not the only one). Quoting makes sense, as it reflects the attitude and moods of the year 1942. But also expressing the constant danger of becoming caught and the according frequent change of hiding places. Names mostly in code, which constituted still a mystery - until Mayr himself had been caught on 15 August 1943; after being betrayed by a Persian put under some pressure by - British D.S.O. CICI - in Teheran. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/1484 ***** Schulze Case, the Anton Group in Persian tribe territory! 1943-March 44 Schulze Case or Anton Group Incorporating Schulze(-Holthus), Pirwanka (AOB, according Schulze Pirwonka), Harbers and Kurmes (AOB, according Schulze Kurmis) It has to be noticed though: that British services never dared about the accuracy of foreign names. For example, Schulze’s name being 99,999 % spelled incorrectly Schultze. This series is directly related with the foregoing file series on Franz Mayr. Though, most intriguing, any way. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/1487 ... KV 2/1490 ***** KV 2/1487-1490+KV 2/89: Wolf, Becker & Utzinger, espionage in Argentina This file series are most exceptional, because dealing with espionage aspects happening in Argentina 1942 -1945. KV 2/1487 - KV 2/1488 - KV 2/1489 - KV 2/1490 on General-Major Friedrich Theodor Wolf once Military Attaché in Argentina 1943 - 1944 (partially) Main subject: German Espionage. Friedrich Theodor Wolf (photographed in Camp 020, on 28.5.45) Born: 4 January 1893 zu Kirchberg, Land Braunschweig (Brunswick) This contribution deals with a selection of aspects of German Intelligence and/or espionage The relevance of this webpage is, that there hardly can be found detailed information on this intriguing subject elsewhere. Was it a decisive theatre? Of course not, but so little is known about it that era, that I consider it worth dedicating time on this subject. Part I KV 2/1487-General Wolf South America This Part I runs up to KV 2/1489-1, to be continued in due course with: KV 2/1489-2 The first logical step was to approach General-Major Wolf's resting file series. But there wasn't too much to add. After consideration, I decided to approach Johannes Siegfried Becker's files as Becker played a remarkable role in German espionage in Argentine (Argentina) KV 2/89 Rather interesting materials, which on its own is worth a Survey; however, I have merged it with the existing document on General-Major Wolf. In some respect these circles acted partially complementary; not with- but against one another. Another subject was implemented in this document and he was Utzinger, the was the person in charge with W/T matters outside the Embassy communications. In Argentine there existed mainly two intelligence branches: One, from the classic Military organisation, like was the regular Abwehr in Berlin; but in this case mainly guided by: Admiral Buerckner's Amtsgruppe/Ausland. Their used nomenclatures differed from that regular Abwehr/Ausland, which consisted of the sections I, II and III. Whereas AG/Ausland consisted of 5 sections; which might cause confusion. The second group was a rather, non-diplomatic, establishment. It was controlled by the quite fearful Amt IV of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt, in other words S.D. (SD) controlled. Albeit, during the course of the war, its organising bureau (apparently) became Amt VI, the more purely military side of it. But later in the war, say, after mid 1943 - Berlin tried to stress them to supply the so desperately needed war-economic information (Wi) only. Apparently they weren't able to fulfil these requirements. However, within Wolf's file, the SD aspect was emphasised upon, whilst in KV 2/89 the SD aspects were not particularly discussed. Becker, Juan (Johannes) Siegfried and secondly (on a photo) We do not have a photo of Gustav Utzinger. He apparently was a graduated Dr. in Chemistry. KV 2/1487 - KV 2/1490 and KV 2/89 on Friedrich Wolf - Johannes Siegfried Becker and Gustav Uzinger What is, more often encountered than one may expect, is, that also this file is a virtual document, because all facts, bits and pieces had been gathered from hear-say and some copies from American reports; who neither did never meet with Becker! (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/1500 -KV 2/1501 KV 2/1503 ***** KV 1500-1501+1503, Rote Kapelle and 20 July '44 attempt aspects On aspects of "Rote Kapelle" and some on the 20 July 1944 assassination attempt on Hitler. Based on interrogation reports covered within the British National Archives: KV 2/1500 - KV 2/1501 On: Horst Kopkow and KV 2/1503 On: Richard Rolf Werner Richter Both men once members of the R.S.H.A. linked police organisations. Why focussing our attention on these fearing men? Because they acted, at crucial moments in history, on field where not much is known about: "Rote Kapelle" was mainly interlinked with Communist sympathisers opposing Nazism. Albeit, that we deal this time mainly with which took place in France and a bit in Belgium; and some on the 20th July 1944 attempt in Germany. But "Rote Kapelle" actually concerned, in someway or another, espionage against Germany. Some names who will be noticed, among quite many others, are: Schulze-Boysen, Trepper, Kent ... But, please bear in mind: That the Rote Kapelle complex covered: Germany, Holland, Belgium, France and Switzerland mainly; and thousands had once been involved. Kopkow also dealt with some aspects of the R.S.HA*. response on the assassination attempted on Hitler of 20 July 1944. This latter fact is quite brief, but hardly one will have known it from the German police operational side. Glamorous stories have been told, but these documents are showing it from the first hand perspective. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horst_Kopkow of which I would like to quote paragraph: MI5 interrogated Kopkow heavily for the next four years to find out his methods against Soviet espionage. Kopkow cooperated and dictated notes to his former secretary Bertha Rose. British intelligence sheltered him from war crimes investigation and made him available only for three times in war crimes trials. They announced his "death" to War Crimes Group in London in January 1948. According to partially declassified MI.5 documents released 2004 in the British National Archives, MI.6 hid Kopkow in order to utilize his knowledge further. They released him in West Germany in 1949 or 1950 as a textile factory worker in the British occupation zone. Later he gave just two statements to the West German police when they were investigating the disappearance and death of Gestapo chief Heinrich Müller. Quoting his personal data: Horst Kopkow (29 November 1910, Ortelsburg, East Prussia, Germany (now Szczytno, Poland) – 13 October 1996, Gelsenkirchen, Germany) was a Nazi German SS major who worked for German Security police and, after the war, was concealed by British intelligence to use his knowledge during the Cold War. I tried the same in respect to Rolf Werner Richter: The only serious evidence I traced an indication that he had been engaged within the - US sponsored - Gehlen Organisation, the forerunner of the Bundesnachrichtendienst. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 1611 - KV 2/1627 ***** Rote Drei, communist espionage network against Germany Rote Drei Communist espionage network mainly operating in Switzerland, based on the KV 2/1611 series (Foote's) as well as KV 2/1627 (Roessler's) On Rudolf Roessler (Rössler). The first document series is mainly dedicated to Alexander Allan Foote, an ominous W/T operator working in Switzerland, Foote was already in the 1930s left wing orientated and became a "brigadier" on the Communist side during the Spanish Civil War in the second half of the 1930s. Albeit, that he volunteered first in the R.A.F. where he signed in fore 6 years, in 1935. But already on 23.12.1936 he left, with others, England heading for Spain; hence deserting from the R.A.F. Alexander Rado, was one of the most mystic personalities involved; his network became known as Rote Drei I suppose due to the three W/T operators involved. Still a mystery, is - through which channel means he got 'his highly relevant top secret OKH' (Oberkommando des Heeres) directives, which generally weren't older than, say, one week, from Berlin! Consider also the file dedicated to Roessler; Rado's main source of unique intelligence. An important channel went through Rudolf Roessler (Rössler); a German, albeit, that in his post-war file he was described being a Czech. The confusion might originate from the fact that Roessler (Rössler) once had been born in German or Austrian territory. But, after the World War One, due to promises made by the Britons and French, without consulting locals; territories were simply occupied by the new Czecho-Slovak Republic; partly known as Sudetenland. However, since about 1933 Roessler's permanent residence was in Switzerland. Rudolf Roessler alias "Lucie" The most mysterious person supplying OKW strategical information merely on a continual basis, between 1941 and 1944. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/1699 - KV 2/1700 ***** Seeloewe failed German espionage attempts against England 1940 KV 2/1699 - KV 2/1700 on Carl Heinrich Meier, Charles Albert van den Kieboom, Sjoerd Pons and Jose Rudolf Walberg; Albeit, that this latter name was, likely, a false one. According information from the file Part II, it likely was via his mother's second marriage Henri Dubois The first three were Dutch citizen; third one was according a letter a Belgian, who in the later 1930s lived with an Uncle and Aunt in a suburb of Paris All were, in someway, involved in espionage attempts against England during the preparation for the invasion of Great Britain during late summer or early autumn of 1940. German code-name : Unternehmen Seelöwe (Seeloewe); concerning: The German invasion of England. An endeavour wherefore the Germans were definitely not prepared at all! As it never had been their intention to invade Britain, really. A very sad story, where three, non-German citizens were sacrificed for an endeavour where they had no concern with, at all. Part_I (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/1701-1 and 2 *****
KV 2/1701 – 1706 Series:
I Vera Baronesses von Wedel (apparently an alias)
Druecke and Waelti Correctly spelled: Drücke and Wälti Correct
spelling is commonly a severe shortcoming of British Historians, they
might even not have being aware of it; which is a true shame! This subject
started as a foreseeable subject, but it certainly is not like this!
Journalist historians, approach matters with a kind of “time pressure” as
time is money. Sad for them, history can only be a fruitful source of
information, as long as one is intending to go for it, whatever time or
involvement it costs. Please be aware, that a great deal of nonsense is
around, such as novels, but also journalistic involvements; all short term
commitments. I will not say, that we cannot make errors, but the huge
complexity of these cases inevitably will cause some errors, here and there.
But, what is found so far is rather limited. As going deeper into such
intriguing subject demands a huge commitment, without being hampered by
journalistic deadlines or frames set for researching a subject. In my
perception, in particular the Anglo-Saxon field, is ignoring correct
spelling on names involved. The implications are, that they aren’t aware of
the errors involved in particular documents. Whether once “weeded” or
particularly covering particular practices. Therefore, this contribution
will be extensive, which is already an anti-journalistic attitude; but it
will reveal matters available; though differently expressed. The beginning
of this Part I may be indeed considered a bit boring. Though we follow
mainly the line of this post war reconstructed file.
Somewhere towards the end of Part I, intriguing matters come to bear. Please keep in mind, this series will be rather extensive! Though, there is so much nonsense around, that I have no other choice than to go for it. Please notice: that all text sections selected are my choice, and my additional comments are always recognisable due to their: blue, red and sometimes, green colours. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 10 December 2019)
KV 2/1701 -3 ... KV 2/1704-1 *****
KV 2/1701-3; KV
2/1702; KV 1703 and KV 2/1704-1
is, of course, the succession of the foregoing Part I
There are, nevertheless, some unexpected sections which throws unforeseen
facts in the proceedings. Unlike in the foregoing: Meier;
Kieboom; Pons and Waldberg cases(
), we deal here with suspects of which we actually do not know much. It all
seemingly likes simple, though, about their backgrounds we know from the
British KV 2/xxx file series very little. Maybe a German website can lift
some secrets of this mysterious historical document
Again, I have dedicated particularly attention onto the Proceedings of the Criminal Court Trials (at the Old Bailey, London); as these are, in general, rarely encountered within the KV 2/xxx file series. In my perception, some hilarity is encountered as well, in the course of this Process, for example: where the two men charged - were questioned: whether they could pay for the charges of their Counsellors - being: £1 3s.6d? Druecke replied, that he - due the lack of any money - could not, and Waelti noticed that he only possessed 10shilling. Followed by an accepted reply on to the Judge Mr. Asquith - to Order: that the money showed in evidence; though owned by the “Treasury”, should be reduced instantly, just by the amount of the charges for their Counsellors / Barristers.
Also intriguing, is, the fact – that after both men’s execution, the Swiss Authorities should investigate Waelti’s passport. Consequently: the outcome is rather intriguing, and is widening the scope of this entire endeavour. The conclusion is interesting to read, on the pages 26/27 of this document. As always: All sections selected, and reproduced, as well as transcribed; are according my personal choice, supplementary add with my personal considerations. Albeit, that my comments are always recognisable, by means of the: blue, red or green colours used. This document is meant for study purpose only; and should not be multiplied, as some still obey to Crown Copyright. Part II (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 24 December 2019)
KV 2/1704-2 ***** KV 2/1704-2 Part III is, of course, the succession of the foregoing Partr II. This file is having a dramatic component as well, as their Criminal Court Trial was held at the Old Bailey, in London. Ultimately, both men had been convicted to death by hanging. There are quite many questions not answered in these cases. I came up with a possible scenario as follows: Druecke (Drücke) apparently was a member of Abwehr I of Wehrkreis X (Hamburg). A query for me still is the role of Drücke, he was the driver of the car in which Major Hilmar Dierks; which fatal accident occurred on 2nd September 1940. And, Vera von Wedel alias Schalburg alias Erikson, she was also once married with Major Hilmar Dierks; albeit under the fake name of Baroness von Wedel. Though, she was not convicted at all, and survived the war. Albeit, that she was released to Hamburg, where her trace stops, at Local Counsel where she was administered: that she passed away of pneumonia. Whether true of not, who knows? Why entered Drücke this theatre, which most likely was to end up with his and their death? Only a thought: couldn’t it have been, that Drücke was pressed (forced) to do this job - as to prevent the legal consequences against him? Why Vera became involved, I don’t know, yet; as quite extensive bunch of files are still laying ahead of us. Vera originated from Russia. Like I have done before, also this time, we follow the Criminal Court Trial proceedings, based upon shorthand (steno-graphic) recordings. Providing an unique inside vision in English criminal trials. Like always – the selected text passages dealt with – are my personal choices. My comments are, however, always recognisable by means of: blue, red and sometime green colours. The content of this document is meant for studying purpose only. Therefore do not multiply this document, as some still does obey to Crow Copyright. Part III (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 January 2020)
KV 2/1705-1&2 and KV 2/1706 ******** This final document on Drueke and Waelti, and on Vera von Wedel, Erikson, or von Schalburg, is shorter, and of less interest to me; as it mainly repeats information provided previously, time and again. Nevertheless, in my perception, significant to notice, is, the reproduced copy of one of his last letters which had been signed by Karl Theo Drueke; without “ck”. I suppose that he stood under great stress, as is clearly reflected by his increasingly ‘deteriorating’ handwriting; his name was, I must admit, spelled here correctly. It was addressed towards the end - to a family member, whoever he (Herrn) was (brother, father, or another male relative); which is being reproduced on our PDF pages: 8, 9 and 10. Please, bear this in mind and neglect all the foregoing occasions in which I have added the ‘c’ to the ‘k’ in Drueke’s name before. I bit disillusioned? I cannot deny it; but we have to accept what did remain over the 75 years since the end of World War Two. What next? Already noticed before, I suppose we should next deal with the particularities of: KV 2/14; KV 2/15 and KV 2/16 All dedicated to Vera - whatever she named herself.
Part IV Drueke-Vera-Waelti (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 6 January 2020)
KV 2/1722 ... KV 2/1724 ***** KV 2/1722-1724 Hellmuth Osmar Alberto an Argentinean, versus MI5&MI6. On Hellmuth a quite tragic Argentinean. Who was sent from Argentina to Spain as an diplomatic envoy on behalf of the Argentinean Government in October 1943. He was arrested onboard the Spanish ship: Cabo de Hornos albeit in the possession of a legal Argentinean diplomatic passport. There occurred in the course of this story very strange matters. Hellmuth was being arrested without British Secret Services possessed sound knowledge, as they had hoped for the fact that Hellmuth possessed also a German nationality. Which wasn't the case, but no reason for reconsidering the circumstances. What is appalling, in my perception, are the ignorances of the facts. The British Secret Services, in both World Wars, acted in many respects without a full legal authorisation. Even when this was challenged, in this case by the British Home Office, they did not accept, and went on with their, illegal, handlings. This behaviour is not the only disgusting event, there are more examples, proving the systematic breaching, of often international agreements. They handled as if they "Ruled the Waves" which they actually did, albeit without legal justification! The main problem might have been that the Anglo-Saxons are lacking a "Fundamental-Constitution" (Grundgesetz). For those wanting to enter into these aspect: I would like to invite you to study, for example: KV 2/535 + 536 + 537 + 538 + 539 concerning: My Erikson (Ericsson) and KV 2/1477 + 1478 + 1479 + 1480 + 1481 + 1483 + 1484 on Franz Mayr, in particular their attitude after the war. Albeit, here the British Secret Services were hunting on Franz Mayr - who proved to be smarter then they were. They set-out a trap for the once by them cheated Swiss Authorities in the case of Franz Mayr; and these did just what they (S.I.M.E) did not expect. They gave it up, ultimately, in about 1951! But also consider the von Hentig's case, mainly playing during the first world-war and beyond. http://www.cdvandt.org/KV-2-393-394-von-Hentig-modi.pdf (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/1971 ***** KV 2/1971 Sonderkommando Pannwitz, on "Rote Kapelle" & "Kent" Heinz Pannwitz and his Sonderkommando Mainly dealing with what was called "Rote Kapelle" Pannwitz Dr. Heinz Please consider also, since 7 January 2019, also KV 2/2068 on Kent. Sonderkommando Pannwitz counts of a nearly lunatic story, where also Trepper, the main Russian "Rote Kapelle" leader in Western Europe was involved, even in the early times of 1941. I would like to invite you to read it yourself, you will land in an unimaginable world! (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/2068 ***** KV 2/2068 Sukolov ment is: Fritz Kent, real name Anatoly Markovich Gurevich Sukolov Victor, Better know as: Fritz Kent Real name: Anatoly Markovich Gurevich (might be an Anglo-Saxon way of spelling) In some way this file is a spin-off of the intriguing file on Pannwitz KV 2/1971 Like so often, when S.I.S. was lacking the contact with someone to be dealt with, they had to rely upon second class witnesses. Marguerite Singer - Barcza who was once Kent's mistress, is entering quite prominently. Albeit the latter's KV 2/ file has been found in the meantime. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/2074 ***** KV 2/2074 Trepper the "Grand Chef" in wartime Belgium and France The main file on Trepper. The problems with these kind of files, where British Secret Services were apparently more or less hunting a ghost, they had to rely on second class sources; because they never represent the value of the real Subject. He was born in 1904 in Neumarkt, in (Austrian) Galicia; in those days, belonging to the Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy. On the other hand, they had no other source to rely upon than Germans whom dealt with him during wartime days. Difficult, these men belonged to a now regarded: Criminal SS organisation of the RSHA as they were police personnel of various branches. Stapa - Stapo, SD, Gestapo ... "more or less inflicted" was the Kriminalpolizei, the normal criminal police, which, by the way, constituted about 50% of the entire police services. They dealt with burglars, prostitution and that like. Less inflicted, but also, sometimes, encountered was the Orpo. The latter constituted the Police organisation dealing with controlling (countering) illicit wireless communications. Their main job was monitoring these kinds of wireless traffic, often designated W/T. Their obligation was to provided the DFing personnel (main centre was in Spandau) as long as not the Wehrmacht was in charge. However: You will understand why he was pushed into the Communism corner. The objective of our historical survey is Communication; but in particular in France, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany and Holland - a well known Communist spying organisation engendered, which the Germans designated: "Rote Kapelle". Trepper and Kent (Sukolov) whose real name was, according Wikipedia: Anatoly Markovich Gurevich (Anglo-Saxon way of spelling it) In some way or another, Kent but also Trepper had an exceptional friendly contact with the personnel of the German secret police in Paris (Sonderkommando). Not only that they, cooperated, but, for example: When Trepper escaped during a guarded visit in a big Pharmacy store, he was never caught again. But what to think of - that he later wrote some letters to them to apologise for his escape! I would like to notice also: that a wider picture is emerging: that the Abwehr, a military related organisation versus the police related services, differed in success enormously; the police, albeit the bad guys, were by far more successful in what they did find-out about matters, than was ever the Abwehr. They traced, for example, someone, by exhaustingly searching (browsing) through the French administration on foreigners and that like. Simply: they were policemen. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/2944 ********** KV 2/2294 the "Passim" the sailing missions to South Africa & South America Might read as a kind of intriguing 'boy's book'. This time we focus on an intriguing story about the Oberfunkmeister (Chief Spark) Guenther Stracke. He served as a wireless (W/T) operator on board the “Passim”, a sailing vessel as it was known. This vessel once was required (Requiriert) on behalf of the German Intelligence in France. There apparently exist very few publications on this quite spectacular story, but the French author Saint-Loup published a book: Hitler’s Geisterschiffe. Whether an English language version does exist is out of my knowledge. Like always, when the successful German endeavours had been captured (interrupted) by Allied Naval actions, it is, in my perception, most likely that Hollywood would have created a successful film scenario about it. But it went not like this. This does imply that it would be good idea to let you approach this story briefly by means of British, and partly US, interrogation reports. Maybe it might sound a bit chaotic, but look at it as “being a teaser”. They accomplished three rather successful trips to the South African Continent and to South America, mainly Argentine. No weapons being involved, as the sailing vessel was camouflaged as being a regular foreign fishing vessel. Some website pages call this boat according its cover-name: Santa Barbara, which isn't correct, by the way! However, more PoWs had been involved in this file series, which in some way might confusing you, when Guenther Stracke not being referred onto, they often note: PW a - PW d. Its Captain was Hein Garber who, in December 1944, the ship arrived in the Spanish harbour town Vigo, as the ports in France, where no longer in German hands. Shortly thereafter he receiver das "Ritterkreuz" he was the fourth Abwehr member who ever received a Ritterkreuz; before him did: von Foelkersam, Lange and Gartenfeld. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
KV 2/3015 ***** KV 2/3015 Gotthard Gambke, Hans Raupach, Sergius Peters All three men were involved in wartime Abwehr matters. It provides an interesting inside vision on Abwehr related matters, mainly on the Eastern Front (FATs and FAKs). It provides an interesting inside vision on Abwehr related matter, mainly on the Eastern Front. However, I have omitted the matters concerning post war nuisances on their alleged Communist relations. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 14 November 2019)
KV 2/3573 - KV 2/2654 ***** KV 2/3573 & KV 2/2654 Reith & Recke Cases in North Africa The Reith & Recke related files. Some part of Reith's file once took place on the North- and South-American continent, and then proceeding onto North Africa; where he became the Consul General (Minister) in Tangier (Tanger) The second file is on Rudolf; alias Recke and Moruno This latter role mainly covered Abwehr operations from Tetuan on the North African Continent ( now Morocco). It is quite sad, that the reproduction quality is so poor, that photo's are not usable for reproduction. One gets really the impression: as if the micro-film reels had been once stored for many decades under the undercarriage of a train, though, without proper protection! On the one hand, the results are a bit meagre, but this might have been caused by the very facts, that those involved never have been really interrogated by British Services. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
Holger Winding Christensen, PF 603256, Born: 22 August 1902, in Fredericia
(Denmark). On Christensen’s statements in respect to Vera and von Wedel
her alleged husband. Christensen claims: that it was
arranged the connection between the Abwehr and Vera. This file is rather
curious, because on the one hand I have my strong doubts (reservations)
about the qualification of Christensen, on the other hand what he describes
is, in our foregoing context: The Drueke – Vera and Waelti file series, of
great significance. As it fills-in gaps, and might be the only
opportunity to solve queries; and he gives, in my perception, the ultimate
clue of some curious matters. At the end of this file, you will find some
of the experiences explained.
Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 3 February 2020)
KV 3/3 ********** Canaris, message decrypts where in his name had been used 1940-44 Messages where Admiral Canaris' name, or cover-names, had been once intercepted by British RSS. We like to show you a series of so-called Abwehr W/T decrypts, collected within the unique file KV 3/3 series. The objective of this webpage, is to confront you with intercepts, made over the period of 19.5.1940 and up to late 1944. Quite surprising - in the British National Archives we cannot trace a file on Germany's "Military Chief Secret Service Admiral Wilhelm Canaris". Whereas, on the other hand, files exist on third class personalities. However, a single "collection of pages" does exist - and these are just the subject of this webpage: KV 3/3 Like I have done in various files before, available on our Website: I copy text passages (sections) and supplementing transcriptions, including my comments; aiming herewith to enhance the implications of the subject. This time I don't make selections, though, you will be confronted with the integral content albeit, that each W/T message being dealt with separately. The advantage of this procedure, is, that it becomes digitally accessible (searchable), even on the web. (Combined Intelligence/Espionage page, published on 2 September 2019)
To be continued in due course
By Arthur O. Bauer